Managing Springtime Allergies and Asthma in Children

April 30, 2024 | by Stephani Monhollon
Managing Springtime Allergies and Asthma in Children

As the seasons transition from winter to spring, the air becomes filled with the fragrant scent of blooming flowers and the chirping of birds. However, for many children, springtime also brings the discomfort of allergy and asthma symptoms. The increase in pollen levels, coupled with other environmental factors, can trigger allergic reactions and respiratory issues in susceptible individuals, which may adversely affect quality of life.

Allergies during spring are commonly caused by pollen from trees, grasses and weeds. When children with allergic sensitivities come into contact with these allergens, their immune systems may overreact, leading to various symptoms, such as sneezing, runny nose, itchy eyes and congestion. Young children may have the “4 Ss” ― snuffle, snore, sniff or sleep-related problems, such as fatigue. For children with asthma, exposure to allergens can also set off asthma attacks, characterized by wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and difficulty breathing.

Managing springtime allergies and asthma in children requires a multifaceted approach that includes:

Identifying triggers ― Understanding which allergens cause your child’s symptoms is crucial. Keep track of pollen counts in your area, and try to limit outdoor activities during peak pollen times.

Medication ― Over-the-counter antihistamines and nasal corticosteroids can help alleviate allergy symptoms. For children with asthma, maintaining their prescribed asthma medications, such as inhalers and controller medications, is essential to keep symptoms under control.

Allergen avoidance ― Minimize exposure to pollen by keeping windows closed, using air purifiers with HEPA filters indoors and regularly washing bedding and clothes to remove pollen particles.

Allergy-proof bedding ― Allergy-proof pillow and mattress covers act as a barrier, preventing dust mites and allergens from accumulating in bedding, thereby reducing allergic reactions in children sensitive to these triggers. This underestimated remedy can decrease the need for medications because dust mites, cockroach allergens and pet dander have been found to be strong contributors to allergy and asthma exacerbations.

Personalized treatment plan ― Work with your child's health care provider to develop a personalized treatment plan tailored to their specific needs and symptoms. This may involve allergy testing; environmental modifications like removing carpeting; pest management and modification of air conditioners; allergen immunotherapy (allergy shots); or adjustments to asthma medications.

Education ― Teach your child about their allergies and asthma so they can recognize symptoms and understand how to manage them effectively. Encourage them to communicate any concerns or changes in symptoms with you and their health care provider.

Healthy lifestyle ― Maintain a healthy lifestyle for your child, including regular exercise, a balanced diet and adequate sleep. A healthy immune system can better cope with allergic triggers.

Asthma, which is often set off by allergies or physical activity, is a chronic respiratory condition affecting millions worldwide. It requires timely intervention and comprehensive management to ensure optimal health outcomes, especially for children.

While springtime allergies and asthma can be challenging to manage, with proper precautions and proactive management, children can enjoy the beauty of the season without the burden of bothersome symptoms. By staying informed and vigilant, parents can help their children thrive during this vibrant time of the year.

Please visit our website to find a provider near you.